“Composition-dependent magnetic properties of BiFeO3-BaTiO3 solid solution nanostructures”
T.-J. Park, G.C. Papaefthymiou, A.J. Viescas, Y. Lee, H. Zhou, S.S. Wong
Physical Review B
Vol.82, No.2, pp.024431, 2010.07
We report on the Mössbauer spectra and magnetization properties of single-crystalline solid solution nanostructures in the form of nanocubes, measuring approximately 150 to 200 nm on a side, prepared by a molten salt solid-state reaction method in the compositional range wherein . Powder x-ray diffraction (XRD) and monochromatic synchrotron XRD studies indicate products of high purity, which undergo gradual, well-controlled structural transformations from rhombohedral to tetragonal structures with decreasing “.” For all solid solution products, room-temperature magnetization studies exhibit hysteretic behavior with remnant magnetization values of , indicating that the latent magnetization locked within the toroidal spin structure of has been released. Room-temperature Mössbauer spectra show composition-dependent characteristics with decreasing magnetic hyperfine field values and increasing absorption linewidths due to a decrease in the magnetic exchange interaction strength with decreasing . For the lowest composition studied, the Mössbauer spectra show paramagnetic behavior, indicating a Néel temperature for this composition below 300 K. However, room-temperature magnetization studies with applied fields of up to 50 kOe show hysteretic behavior for all compositions, including the composition, presumably due to field-induced ordering. Furthermore, hysteresis loops for all compositions exhibit smaller coercivities at 10 K than at 300 K, an observation that may suggest the presence of magnetoelectric coupling in these systems.